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If you have kids approaching GCSEs who have been struggling in lockdown then read on as I have an hour of free tuition to give to everybody!

It’s one of those fun, little known facts about me that when I was doing my degree, I earned extra money doing private one-to-one maths tuition.

Bee was a toddler at the time, and I can’t remember exactly what she did while I was teaching small children about fractions through the medium of Lego, but private tuition brought in much needed extra cash for me at a time when I was cooking by candlelight because I couldn’t afford to replace the striplight in my kitchen.

Private tuition was a very different thing back then of course – I used to make my own maths board games out of bits of cardboard I cut out of the side of boxes and coloured with felt tip pens. The height of decadence was when I splashed out on a new workbook from WHSmiths and photocopied pages from it in the library for 10p a go.

As much as I enjoyed making my homemade games, it’s a good job that private tuition is more high-tech nowadays, particularly during the coronavirus outbreak. If I was doing it now I wouldn’t be allowed to even show up at someone’s house, let alone get into the library to make use of the top notch copying facilities.

One of the things that working one-to-one with students allowed me to do was to really get to know them and to tailor our sessions according to their needs and how they worked best. This is something that schools inevitably struggle with – it’s just not possible to cater for everyone’s individual needs in a class of 30 kids – and it’s one of the main reasons that parents seek out extra tuition for their children.

This personalised approach is the ethos of Nightingale Tuition, an online one-to-one tuition provider specialising in support for GCSEs.

(Another fun fact – my Brownie leader name is Nightingale. We all have bird names and the girls choose one for us. I wanted to suggest cock-of-the-rock but Brown Owl wouldn’t let me.)

Here’s a little flavour of Nightingale Tuition: View Post


holiday planning tips

Travel can be an expensive business, but it doesn’t have to be. Heading off on the adventure of a lifetime or planning your dream vacation shouldn’t break the bank, and with a little planning and a few helpful tips, you can totally find amazing travel possibilities at bargain prices.

Being flexible with your destination, scouring the internet for amazing packages, and even being spontaneous and booking super last minute – there are a bunch of hacks that can make exploring the world more affordable. So whether you fancy an affordable city break on the East Coast, want to book a last minute cruise from Florida, or just need to throw a few things in a bag for a quick road trip, take a look below at some of the best tips for booking affordable vacations.

Book at the right time

When you book various elements of your vacation can have a huge impact on the price. Airlines often lower their prices on Sundays and Tuesdays for last-minute bookings, so if you are looking for an adventure next week it is worth searching on those days.

Booking in advance if possible is usually the best option when it comes to getting good prices on flights. Domestic flights tend to be priced most attractively between one and four months before departure dates, while international flights benefit from even more extensive planning with the best prices available around nine months in advance. However you shouldn’t discount the discounts that can be found on last minute offers, if you are lucky enough to find them!

Be flexible on dates and destinations

If you don’t mind where you go, or even when, you’ll be assured of getting the cheapest deals around. Avoiding travelling at peak times of the year (around school breaks, at Christmas and so on) is a no-brainer, but if you are comfortable travelling at any time at all you’ll always find the cheapest options. Hotels are almost always cheaper out of season and even sometimes during the week, and flying on unusual days or at unpopular times can save you loads of money and help you avoid the crowds.

One very helpful hack is that many flight aggregators like Skyscanner allow you to be extremely vague when it comes to details. You can set your destination as an entire country, or even anywhere in the world, and you will get shown the cheapest prices for a range of destinations. You can even choose to search for flights by the cheapest month!

Use social media

Social media can be a brilliant way of keeping up to date on the latest deals, offers and packages. Following your favorite hotel chains, travel companies and even airlines can mean you are the first to know about special offers, and can take advantage of sales, promotions and competitions when they crop up.

Social media is also a great way to find out about things like error fares and last minute deals. Follow accounts like Hotel Tonight, Expedia, Secret Flying or Cruise Sheet and you’ll get access to a world of under the radar travel options.

Rent a house rather than stay in a hotel

If you are happy to self cater you can save loads of money by renting a house or an apartment rather than staying in a hotel. For one thing, cooking your own meals, even if it is just breakfast, will cut costs significantly, and when you go through a platform like AirBnB or Vrbo you’ll almost always find great options that are significantly cheaper than a traditional hotel. Sure, you won’t get a turn-down service or a mint on your pillow, but some sacrifices are worth making!

Sign up for emails

In the same way as with social media, signing up for the right email newsletters can let you in on the best exclusive promotions and secret travel hacks. Websites like Holiday Pirates or Scott’s Cheap Flights will send you news about good deals, cheap flights and bargain destinations, while somewhere like Priceline can offer amazing deals on hotels as long as you aren’t too picky about where you stay. Newsletters from hotels and travel agents are also the best way to get your hands on exclusive promotions and money-off offers.

Use rewards

A classic travel tip, but still relevant today. Loyalty points and credit card air miles are a great way to lower the cost of your holiday. Making sure that your credit card is offering you a good reward system, and signing up to the loyalty schemes of every travel company you use can end up saving dividends in the end.

A final note on cheap holidays. While there are loads of ways to grab a bargain, if a deal looks too good to be true it just might be. When you are looking for affordable vacations, intensify your research. Not only will this make sure you don’t get scammed, or end up booking something that isn’t exactly what was promised, but it will also help you find the best deals and lowest prices around!


Last weekend was Jon’s birthday*, and as everyone knows that the way to a man’s heart is through his stomach, and I needed some blog content, I thought I’d make him a TREAT. Thoughtful no?

I’ve never made millionaire’s shortbread before, and I only had one afternoon to do it in, but it’s one of his favourites and so I thought I’d give it a bash. TOP TIP: you really need more than one afternoon if you want to make proper millionaire’s shortbread where the caramel doesn’t ooze out of the sides as soon as you try to cut it.

Still, everyone knows it’s the thought that counts, and I kept some back to give them longer in the fridge so they’d look good in photos, so really it was an incredibly thoughtful gift and Jon should be very impressed with me.

Easy millionaire's shortbread recipe

I’m an absolute catch

Making millionaire’s shortbread isn’t actually that difficult, as long as you pay attention to the caramel, it’s just that it takes ages, because of the layers. Both the caramel and the chocolate took longer than I expected to go properly hard, so even though the caramel was set enough after a couple of hours to take the chocolate on top, the whole lot still wasn’t hard enough to slice five hours after I started. I would suggest making your millionaire’s shortbread the day before you want it, so that it can chill in the fridge overnight.

Otherwise, it’s a piece of cake, quite literally, so let’s get on with it.

Millionaire’s shortbread ingredients

To make this super tasty batch of millionaire’s shortbread you will need:

For the shortbread base:

  • 100g caster sugar
  • 200g soft salted butter
  • 275g flour (I used a mix of plain and self raising because I didn’t have enough of either.)

For the caramel:

  • One tin of condensed milk – they’re are about 400g I think?
  • 200g unsalted butter
  • 40g caster sugar
  • 80g golden syrup

For the top:

  • 250g milk chocolate. I recommend going with something decent like Dairy Milk rather than a cheap cooking chocolate as you will notice the difference.

That’s it! it’s not really that many ingredients. I needed to buy extra butter but otherwise I had everything in the cupboards. (Yes, I had 250g of Dairy Milk lying around. Don’t judge me.)

How to make millionaire's shortbread

How to make millionaire’s shortbread

First step – shortbread. Preheat the oven to 180 and line a dish with baking paper. I think mine was a 10 x 7 inch tin, but you could use a square one if you prefer.

Beat the butter and sugar together with an electric whisk until light and fluffy, and then whisk in the flour. You’ll get a sort of breadcrumb texture initially, which you could easily smoosh into a dough, but actually it’s easier to keep it as breadcrumbs for now. Tip the shortbread mixture into the lined tin, give it a shake to distribute it evenly, and then press it down into place.

Bake for 20 minutes until it’s started to turn golden brown. Take it out of the oven and leave to cool.

Meanwhile, time to make the caramel. This is the only bit that requires an element of concentration so if you’re just getting to a good bit in the Archers omnibus you might want to press pause.

Put the condensed milk, butter, sugar and golden syrup into a saucepan, (a thick base is best), and very gently heat to start with until the sugar has dissolved and the butter is melted. I stirred mine continuously with a metal whisk to stop it sticking. Would recommend.

Once the mixture is smooth, turn up the heat and bring to the boil for about five minutes until it gets thicker and turns more of a fudgey colour. Keep up the stirring as you go. Once you’re happy that your caramel is the same colour as in my photos and a nice thick pouring consistency, pour it on top of the shortbread and stick it in the fridge.

I’d recommend a good couple of hours now to let the caramel start to set before melting the chocolate, adding this as your final layer and returning your millionaire’s shortbread to the fridge. You can melt your chocolate in a bain marie or in the microwave if you check it VERY often and stir frequently as chocolate can turn all of a sudden in a microwave.

Once the chocolate is completely hard, which will probably be at least another two hours, you can cut your millionaire’s shortbread into chunks and use it to seduce your one true love.

Just call me cupid.

easy millionare's shortbread

*I just casually slipped Jon in there, (that’s what she said), in a bid to not draw too much attention to the fact that he is my new LIFE PARTNER, because I’m shy etc, so if you did a double take and wasn’t sure what was going on for a second then that was why. I expect I will mention him again so make a note.


Over sink caddy

Many people have experienced a nasty blocked sink. It gives off an unpleasant odor at the time that you go to the kitchen or bathroom. The water drains out slow, or there may be some weird noises when it drains. These are some hints that you have a blocked sink. It is not tough to handle this problem. Follow the below tips, which aim to inform you of how to unblock a sink, and you will have a wonderfully flowing sink.

Use a plunger

You may know of this method or have heard of it. Get a plunger and use it. Plunging helps air get removed from the pipe then makes it go back inside. This aids in getting rid of the blockage. You do not need to be a professional to use a plunger.

Put the cup above the plughole. Make certain that a seal gets developed. Move the handle downwards then upwards like you are pumping something. The time that the sink drains fast, the blockage has been fixed.

Use of force

In some cases, a tough emission of water may get rid of what is causing the blockage. Utilize some plastic bottles and add hot water to this. Put this upside-down having the bottle hole by the plughole. Squeeze hard. With the help of the quick, directed flow of water, the issue may get fixed easily.

Baking powder plus white vinegar

If you do not want to use a plunger, you can try these products. These products are usually present in the home and can be gotten easily. To make the mixture add some teaspoons of the baking soda inside the plughole. Quickly add white vinegar, around one cup of this. Let it remain for around five minutes. Hot water can be used to get rid of the hindrance.

White vinegar plus Alka Seltzers

This way has less impact than the above one, but you may try it out. Simply add some tablets inside the area. Quickly add one cup of white vinegar. Allow it to have some minutes to carry out its task. Then add hot water in the sink to remove the dirt.

Get a drain cleaner

You can get a sink unblocker to do the work for you. When you visit a store, you will see different presents like the one from HG. Drain cleaners can help get rid of organic matter, like the accumulation of fat, hair, etc. Find one which has good ingredients that will not pollute the earth further.

It is annoying having a sink that does not allow water to flow freely. This results in it being tough to wash dishes and carry out daily tasks. You may have a blocked sink in the kitchen or even in the bathroom. It is not necessary to immediately call the plumber. You can try fixing the problem by yourself, and if it does not work, then call the plumber. The above tips are only some ways that the procedure can occur.


Is my cat happy?

Having pets at home can be beneficial as these furry friends can help regulate your blood pressure, decrease feelings of loneliness, and encourage you to exercise and engage in other outdoor activities. It’s common knowledge that pets can improve a person’s quality of life, but do you know that these furry friends can also do more for your kids? 

Family pets can teach your kids valuable life lessons, such as responsibility, respect, patience, and compassion. According to studies, pets can also help your kids socialize with their peers and improve their verbal skills. However, looking after a pet requires responsibility and commitment, which is why you shouldn’t get one unless your kids are ready. Adopting a pet without considering the capability of your kids can cause stress to the entire family.  

If you’re still undecided whether you should allow your kids to have pets, look for signs first. Ticking off any of the signs listed below means that your kids are ready to have pets: 


  • Your Kids Understand The Need To Respect Animals 


Aside from making sure that pets are provided with the right supplements, like those from Pethonesty, pets also demand love and attention from their owners. Regardless of how unpredictable they are at times, pets should never be hit or tugged, and, most importantly, abandoned.  

One way to determine if your kids are ready for pets is to assess their ability to respect animals. Are your kids disciplined enough to leave pets alone when they are eating?  Do your kids know how to gently touch and play with pets?  Can your kids treat a pet as if they’re a member of the family?  If you answered “yes” to these questions, then, no doubt, your kids are ready for pets.  


  • Your Kids Are Comfortable When There Are Animals Around 


Contrary to popular belief, having pets at home will not cure your kids’ fear of animals. Adopting pets when your kids fear them will only take a toll on their mental health, and can even become the reason why their fears will heighten. The same is especially true if parents would force their kids to interact with or touch animals.  

For you to assess if your kids are ready to have pets, check if they are afraid of animals. If they’re not, then, you can easily introduce the idea of having a family pet. However, if your kids are scared of animals, start by letting them visit your local animal shelter and set an example on how they should interact with animals. Over time, this can help them feel more comfortable being around any animals and erase any misconceptions they might have about pets.  


  • Your Kids Can Handle Household Chores 


As mentioned, pet owners will have a lot of things on their plate. Generally, pet owners have to be ready to pay the hidden costs of this responsibility, which usually include feeding their pets, ensuring that they get some exercise regularly, and accompanying them to their vets. Pet owners are required to do more if they are looking after a young or senior pet.  

Being a pet owner is not a walk in the park, which is why you should check first if your kids can handle their household tasks on their own. If they can set the table and unload the dishwasher without help from other people, then, they’re ready to have pets. Being a pet owner requires responsibility, and if your kids already possess this trait, you’re assured that they can also take care of a pet on their own.  


  • Your Kids Are Committed To The Idea Of Getting A Pet 


Being a pet owner is not a short-time stint. When you decide to have one, expect that you will have to exert time and effort in looking after their health and wellness for years. This means that you should continually allocate resources in buying their food and paying for their medicines. As a pet owner, you will also be responsible for taking care of your pet when they get sick or undergo surgeries.  

Your kids are ready to have pets if they understand that their responsibility as a pet owner lasts for years. Your kids should be committed to looking after their pets regardless of how tiring this responsibility can get.  


  • Your Kids Have A Lot Of Energy 


Pets, especially the young ones, are generally very energetic. When you decide to adopt a puppy, for example, expect that this animal will demand your physical abilities because they would love to play and run around. Pets have a lot of energy, so it’s important to check if your kids are ready to match their energy levels.  

The interest of your kids to engage in physical activities can also determine their readiness to have pets. Ideally, your kids should be willing to run around, go to the park, and play outside with their pets. Engaging in regular exercise is a must to ensure that the pet stays healthy and happy, especially if they are still growing.  


  • Your Kids Were Involved In A Successful Trial Run 


According to statistics, over seven million cats and dogs enter local shelters every year. This means that more people are actually leaving their pets in shelters instead of taking them in their homes. Make sure that your kids don’t contribute to the increase of abandoned pets by letting them experience a trial run first. This process involves taking in a pet from a shelter for a couple of weeks or months inside your home and allowing your kids to look after them.  

A trial run serves as a testing phase for your kids, making it very easy for you to assess if they are ready to become pet owners. During this time, you can check if your kids are genuinely committed to accomplishing the responsibilities of a pet owner without compromising their household chores at home or their ability to take care of themselves.  

Choose Carefully  

Now that you know that your kids are ready for pets, work on looking for the best type of pets for them. Different pets have different characteristics, so it’s important that you foster one that suits your kids’ ages and capabilities.  


Over the last few weeks, two buckets have appeared, separately, in my front garden.

The first was a rather fancy Avengers bucket. The second, a couple of weeks later, was more of a traditional seaside style – a castle shape in a jaunty blue, set off with a contrasting yellow handle. Neither belonged to me and neither have been claimed.

lost bucket

What I really want to understand is the HOW and the WHY of this bucket situation.

I’m a good 20 miles away from the nearest beach, and I don’t live near a park or sandpit, so what is a bucket doing near my front garden in the first place? How does a bucket arrive in a quiet, residential cul-de-sac unless it is brought there by a specific person for a specific purpose?

With this in mind, at what point do you LOSE your bucket in said quiet residential cul-de-sac and NOT NOTICE? Would you be walking along, carrying a bucket, drop it on the floor and not realise? Or perhaps you DO realise, but you can’t be bothered to pick it up?

‘Ah well,’ you think to yourself, sighing heavily, ‘that was a nice bucket while it lasted, but it’s not worth bending down for.’ View Post


CBD cream is a favorite among new and seasoned CBD users. It’s quick, effective, and easy to use, but can you use too much? How much should you use in the beginning of your CBD journey? There’s no real guide on how much to use and when, so we’ve taken the liberty of creating one for you.

We’ll go over the basics of CBD cream, how it works, and how it can help you in your everyday life. If you’ve ever wanted to learn more about CBD and CBD cream, you’ve come to the right place! Keep reading for the definitive guide on using CBD cream.

What CBD Does

What does CBD do, exactly? Whether you’re using CBD face cream or body cream, you’re probably wondering what all the buzz is about and whether or not this whole CBD craze is just another alternative health fad.

CBD interacts with something called the endocannabinoid system in the body. This system is responsible for regulating mood, appetite, immune responses, and much more. In fact, the ECS itself is biologically designed to accept cannabinoids and even creates some of its own.

CBD, like other cannabinoids, interacts with this system in a very specific way to produce a range of effects. Unlike its cousin, THC, CBD doesn’t produce a “high”, which is the very reason so many people like it. Cannabis is an amazing and versatile plant with many health benefits, but most prefer not to become intoxicated (not to mention THC/marijuana are still federally outlawed).

When you apply CBD cream to your face or body, it gets absorbed directly through the skin to the blood vessels within. From there, it stimulates pain relief, inflammation relief, and much more.

Why People Use CBD Cream

So, why should you use CBD cream on your skin? Millions of Americans suffer from skin conditions that produce inflammation and pain. Eczema, for example, creates red, itchy patches on the skin. The skin becomes inflamed and can be incredibly uncomfortable.

Acne is the most common skin condition and is the product of infected skin pores. These infections are seen as a threat by the body’s immune system, thus warranting the immune response that creates inflammation and swelling. This is the reason acne sores turn red and pop up off the skin.

People use CBD cream to help manage conditions like acne and eczema, but also to help with joint pain and post-workout soreness. Since CBD is a natural painkiller and anti-inflammatory compound, it’s perfect for localized pain and injuries. Applying directly to the afflicted area can often result in immediate relief, and you don’t have to worry about the cost of prescriptions or OTC medications.

What Science Has To Say About CBD 

So, is there any actual evidence to back up the claims that CBD creams, oils, and capsules work? I’m glad you asked! There are several studies that prove CBD’s effectiveness in many applications, and the FDA has even approved a CBD-based medication for treating seizures.

This study in particular showed the effectiveness of cannabinoids in sebostatic and anti-inflammatory applications. The study showed how CBD can be used to treat acne and other skin conditions by limiting the immune response to irritants and helping to “calm” the cells.

The amazing thing about CBD is that we’re always learning new things about how it works with our bodies. The above-mentioned study is just one of dozens, and as more money pours into the CBD industry, more research is paid for. We’re excited to continue learning about all of the awesome benefits CBD has to offer.

How To Use CBD Cream

Using CBD cream is as easy as applying your favorite lotion or salve. Apply to any areas that are inflamed, in pain, or where you simply want to relax. You can apply CBD cream after a soothing soak in the tub, and you’ll find that you’re calm, focused, and ready for whatever challenges lie ahead.

It’s best to start with creams that have lower doses of CBD and work your way up. Everyone reacts to CBD differently, and you might find that you need a higher dose to benefit from it.

You Can’t Overdose On CBD 

At least, let’s address the question everyone’s been thinking about since the first paragraph: can you use too much CBD cream? The answer is no. There’s no such thing as a CBD overdose, and using more than you need doesn’t produce any harmful effects. If you apply more than you need, you’ll still get the benefits, but your skin might be a bit more oily from the excess cream!

Given prolonged usage, there’s a chance you could start to develop a resistance to your CBD cream dose. If this occurs, you might need to up your dosage or decrease the frequency at which you’re applying your cream.


CBD produces few to no side-effects, and none of them are dangerous or life-threatening. CBD cream can cause fatigue, diarrhea, and even mood changes in high enough doses. Those taking even the best CBD oils and capsules have also experienced dry mouth and appetite changes.

Overall, CBD is incredibly safe and doesn’t produce any side-effects you’d need to worry about. If you start to experience uncomfortable side-effects, you can always spread out your usage or lower your dose.

Remember that there are thousands of CBD cream varieties available today, so it could be a simple matter of switching brands. Everyone reacts differently to CBD, so just monitor how your body handles it and go from there.

The Bottom Line 

Now that you know all about CBD cream, you can make a more informed choice when you purchase your first container. CBD is legal in all 50 states, and there are plenty of varieties and brands to choose from. You can expect to spend anywhere from about $20-$60 on CBD cream, depending on the dose, brand, and location. Don’t forget to research the brand before you commit to a purchase!


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I’ve lived in a lot of houses in my life.

*pause while I count*

I think it’s 25? Maybe. Anyway, it’s quite a few. For me then, a home isn’t somewhere I’ve lived in all my life. It’s not somewhere I grew up, somewhere I can walk around and say ‘that’s where I tripped over the cat when I was seven and had to have stitches.’

It’s not something that’s special because it’s full of memories created over decades, so what is it? What’s that elusive thing that makes any house a home, regardless of how long you’ve been there?

It’s the people in it, of course, we’ll take that as a given, but what else? It’s the stuff I guess. The things you surround yourself with that maybe you have grown up with over decades, dragging them with you from one house to the next.

For me, it’s pictures and plants.

I can move anywhere, to any style of house, and it only feels like a home to me when I fill it with my plants and hang pictures on the walls. I have a lot of plants, and although some of them are just there to make the space look pretty, many of them have a lot of meaning, like Belle’s apple tree, which is now in the ground and quite a bit bigger than in this post.

I have one peace lily for example that I bought when Bee was very small as one of my first ever plants. It was tiny, like her, when I first brought it home from the supermarket, and now, over 20 years later, it fills a huge wicker plant pot in the corner of my bedroom.

I’ve loved watching my Swiss cheese plants thrive over the last few years, and my avocado plant, successfully grown from an avocado stone on about my eight attempt, reminds me not to give up on things, even if they don’t work out the first seven times.

Swiss cheese plant View Post


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When you read the words ‘protection products during coronavirus’ you probably think face masks right? Or maybe one of those snazzy plastic visors that makes you look like Jennifer Beals in Flashdance? (The welding bits, not the exotic dancing.)

That’s not what I’m talking about today.

(Sorry Flashdance fans.)

I’m talking about financial protection products like life insurance, critical illness cover, that sort of thing – insurance products that protect you financially when the worst happens. I mean I guess you could print out a copy of your insurance certificate and try and fashion it into some kind of face covering but it’s really not the same thing.

Can I get life insurance to cover coronavirus

Pretty sure Jennifer Beals didn’t have a beard but you get the idea

View Post


Everywhere you go, you are bombarded with advertisements of magical products that are supposed to make weight loss quick and easy. It’s extremely hard to escape them, especially now, since we have the internet and social media. You would think that with so many magical solutions, there would be no problems with excessive weight. Yet, as the National Institutes of Health reports, around ⅔ of adults and ⅓ of children in the United States are either overweight or obese.

It doesn’t mean that these products don’t work. In most cases, they do. The problem is, however, that just taking a pill will not be enough. There also needs to be a proper diet and regular exercise, about which some people seem to forget. One of the most popular supplements for weight loss are the so-called fat burners.

What are those and how do they work? Well, you have to keep reading if you want to find out. So, without any further ado, let’s jump right into it.

What are fat burners?

Before we dig deeper into the matter, we need to focus on the basics – in particular, on what fat burners actually are.

Fat burners are dietary supplements that are supposed to stimulate your metabolism and increase its speed. They also reduce the amount of fat that is absorbed by the body in order to stimulate weight loss. There are many products available on the market, so if you are interested in buying one, you should check the best fat burners as reviewed by – after all, it’s always better to invest in something that has been tested by others.

Fat burners shouldn’t be confused with pre-workout supplements, even though they can be included in them. The latter helps increase your performance during a workout and its results, while the former targets the metabolism.

How do fat burners work?

Now you know what the fat burners are. However, there is one more thing that needs to be addressed, and that is how they work. To understand this, we need to look at the two types of fat cells that are produced in the human body – white and thermogenic fat cells.

White fat cells are responsible for storing energy and transmitting hormones when your body is sending nutritional signals. Thermogenic fat cells, on the other hand, are responsible for resisting hypothermia and defending your body against obesity.

There are two types of fat-burning processes occurring in the body. The first one is thermogenesis, which is a process during which heat is produced in adipose cells. The heat breaks down the fat stored in those cells and uses it to provide more heat. The second process is called lipolysis – a process during which the fat cells are broken down through hydrolysis, during which the enzymes and water break down the energy stored in fat cells into fatty acids, used to fuel the body.

Depending on which type you will purchase, the fat burners will work in different ways.

  • thermogenic – these fat burners focus on the thermogenic cells and target the production of heat in the fat cells.
  • stimulant-free – these fat burners aim to boost metabolism without using caffeine; they don’t stimulate the energy levels.
  • appetite suppressants – these fat burns aim to either decrease your appetite or put an end to it. As a result, you will avoid overeating or excessive snacking. Depending on the type, they can interact with the hormones in your stomach or with your brain.
  • carb blockers – these fat burners stop the enzymes from reaching and reacting with carbs. The carbs which are not fully digested or absorbed move through the intestines without providing sugar or calories to the body.

Do fat burners work?

Unfortunately, there is still more research needed regarding fat burners and whether they work. What is known, however, is that some of the ingredients that are used in them actually do improve the metabolism and increase the amount of fat burned.

However, always remember to check the ingredients and make sure that you have a full understanding of how they work. It’s always better to be safe than sorry when it comes to putting things into your body.

The Bottom Line

The truth is that when it comes to how a fat burner works, everything depends on the type that you purchased. However, keep in mind that taking fat burners is just one of the things that you have to do to lose or control your weight healthily – they won’t substitute for proper diet and regular exercise.

Instead of thinking about them as your solution for a slim body, think of them as a boost. No matter how easier it would make weight loss for many people, fat burners are just the tip of the iceberg.


Research shows that by 12th-grade, 22% of American teenagers have started to experiment with marijuana. To make matters worse, many teenagers say that marijuana is easy to access. Here, we’ll, therefore, look at how to tell if your teen is smoking pot, by using a home marijuana drug test.

Ways to Tell if Your Teenager is Weed User

Most parents are already aware of the stereotypical signs of marijuana use. Red bloodshot eyes are almost always a giveaway. Many teens will also start exhibiting obvious behavior changes.

  • Teens being suddenly giddy or lethargic can be a sign of recent marijuana use.
  • Your son or daughter seeming twitchy or paranoid can be a tell-tale sign they are high.
  • One of the most obvious signs of recent marijuana use can be an insatiable appetite. (Having the munchies.)

Sadly, there are also ways that teens can hide the fact that they are high. Often, teenagers will use Clear Eyes to banish bloodshot eyes. In other cases, teens will simply become adept at avoiding your presence when high.

How to Quickly Tell If Your Child Has Been Using Marijuana

One way to tell without a doubt whether your teenager is using marijuana is to use a home drug test. However, the ethical implications of this are a cause of contention for some parents.

Many experts advise against forcing children to submit to drug tests. While schools might perform regular drug screenings, parents forcing teenagers to submit to tests can erode teens’ trust in their parents and guardians.

It is also important to remember that at over the counter drug tests aren’t always 100% accurate.

  • The only way to be 100% certain your teenager has been smoking pot, is to have tests administered by a medical professional.
  • There are home drug testing kits that manufacturers claim have 99% accuracy rates. However, parents can’t force teenagers to hand over a urine or saliva sample.
  • In cases where teenagers test negative for marijuana, the trauma caused by an obvious lack of parental trust can be significant.

Thankfully, there are ways that parents can approach testing more delicately.

At Home Hair Follicle Drug Tests

According to experts, one of the most reliable at home drug tests available to parents, is hair follicle drug test.

Unlike a home urine test, parents don’t need to ask teens for urine samples. Parents don’t need to bring up drug tests in conversation at all. Instead, all parents need to do, is discretely gather a few hair samples from teenager hairbrushes or items of clothing.

  • A hair follicle home marijuana drug test can detect patterns of marijuana use over periods of up to 90-days.
  • Dying, bleaching, or styling hair, will not affect test results.
  • As well as marijuana, home hair follicle drug tests can detect amphetamines, PCP, opioids, cocaine, and ecstasy.

As samples are sent to labs for testing, home hair follicle drug tests are also highly accurate. It is important to note, though, that tests will only detect evidence of regular, not one-time, or just very occasional drug use.

What Do You Do If Tests are Positive?

If a hair follicle home drug test does reveal that your son or daughter has been using illicit drugs, it is important to remain calm.

In most cases, parents should postpone discussing the matter with teens until they can consult with family and medical professionals. It can also be a good idea to take test results to your regular MD. This way, you can have them explain what results mean in detail before you decide what to do next.


Travel, even when you’re heading off on dream holiday, is always a stressful period. You’ve got to take care of heavy luggage, strict deadlines, long waits, and bored travel companions. But the good news is that there are effective tips to manage the stress of travelling. In this article, we’ll be going over the most practical ones.

Be Prepared

Even if you’re not a naturally organized person, travel is one of those activities that really benefits from a firm organizational hand at the tiller. The reason for this is that there are lots of moving parts and any one of them failing up can lead to unnecessary stress.

With that in mind, you should make sure that the vital parts of your holiday, like your money, tickets, passports, and deadlines are locked down well before the day of travel. It might seem like boring admin at the time, but getting it done in advance means you can relax a little on the day and start looking forward to that Italian road trip you’ve been dreaming about.

Manage Your Aviophobia

Around 25 percent of air passengers have suffered some form of distress related to air travel. If you’re one of those people, it doesn’t matter that the chances of having an air traffic accident stand at 1 in 11 million, and you’re around 100 times more likely to be injured in a bizarre accident involving horseshoes, you’re still going to feel some worry when getting on the plane.

The trick is to accept and try and manage that uneasiness, rather than avoid it. Use whatever works for you, be that booking a specific seat, listening to calming music, travelling with a supportive partner, or even taking prescription medication. Alcohol is probably the least effective coping mechanism, as common anti-anxiety medications can achieve the same result without the mood swings, loss of faculty, or the hangover on the first day of your holiday.

Learn to Enjoy the Wait

Air travel is a lot like fighting a war, insomuch as it involves a huge amount of waiting around and then sudden bursts of frantic activity. Since most of your time is going to be taken up in waiting, its best to equip yourself for that wait, and achieve peace of mind as a result.

The good news is that most of your entertainment capabilities can be delegated to the one gadget we nearly always have on our person, our mobile phones.

Alongside making sure you’ve got your passport, foreign currency, and you haven’t accidentally left a child Home Alone, make sure you spend some time downloading something you can do in your downtime. This could be a new game, an audiobook, or your favourite music album.

All of those can easily be stored on your phone and will be in easy reach when you need to spend hours sitting in an uncomfortable plastic seat, staring forlornly at the departures board.

Make Sure You’ve Got The Time

Although there’s no chance of your flight leaving early, it’s always a bad idea to cut your timing down to the bare minimum. Giving yourself a little wiggle room when it comes to your travel timings in just good sense and it applies just as much to how you book your travel as it does to when you leave the house on the day.

It might be cheaper to book a flight with a really narrow margin connection, but the chances of you crossing an airport you’ve never visited in less than five minutes, all while dragging your luggage behind you, are fairly slim.

To put it in context, the world’s most commonly used airport for connection flights, Jackson Atlanta International Airport, is 6.8 million square feet in size.

Have Something to Come Home To

A lot of advice on making travel more fun focusses on the journey out. However, coming home can be equally stressful and you won’t have the benefit of enjoying a lovely holiday at the other end.

One of the best ways to round out the holiday is to have a little something waiting for you back at home. It doesn’t have to be anything major, it can be as simple as your favourite take away, a visiting friend, or a little gift, from you to you, that you had delivered while you were away.